ECO GENEVA (INC) #2 June 19, 1991 
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 ECO GENEVA (INC) #2 June 19, 1991

From: <larris>
Subject: ECO GENEVA (INC) #2 June 19, 1991

                          ECO NEWSLETTER

               CLIMATE CHANGE NEGOTIATIONS - GENEVA

                          June 19, 1991
                             ISSUE #2

                        TABLE OF CONTENTS

1) Germany Slams Time Wasting
2) Frustration Spawns Convention Frenzy
3) Indian Challenge: Equal Emissions for All
4) Climate Convention - The Indian Proposal
5) Changing US Transport Policy? - Humor

1) GERMANY SLAMS TIME-WASTING

By Eco Reporter

Germany yesterday issued a strongly worded-attack on the slow
progress of international talks designed to protect against
climate change. 'The Federal Republic of Germany does not believe
that the way negotiations have been going on in the past at this
Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee is satisfactory' says a
memorandum from Professor Dr Ansgar-Otto Vogel of the German
Government.

'The global threat increasingly being posed by the greenhouse
effect and the expected changes in the climate demand immediate,
consistent action in a worldwide environmental partnership' says
Vogel.  The German document which has been circulated to other
delegations, continues: 'During the last round of negotiations we
used up a great deal of previous time discussing procedural and
organizational questions and we were still unable to find final
answers to all of them.'  Declaring their 'disquiet' at this, the
Germans call for arguments over who should chair the working
groups on developing a convention text and on commitments, 'right
at the beginning of this meeting'.  Delegates should 'get down to
the substantial negotiations as soon as possible'.

Germany wants to see signature of the Climate Convention and at
least two 'initial implementing protocols' (on cutting emissions
and on protecting forests') by the June 1992 Earth Summit.

Germany dismisses the argument, used by the US, that CFCs covered
by the Montreal Protocol can be counted-in when assessing cuts in
greenhouse gas emissions.  It wants the Convention to include:
measures to limit greenhouse gases, especially energy-related ones
such as CO2 but also methane and nitrous oxide; improvement and
creation of sinks such as forests; and, development of adaptation
strategies.  Germany states that a 'worldwide global stabilisation
at 1990 levels of energy-related CO2 emissions ought to be
achieved by the year 2000'.

The German memorandum stays within the bounds of diplomatic
language but it is highly unusual for diplomats to make such a
clear expression of frustration.  'Further delays' say the
Germans, 'would be irresponsible'.

2) Frustration Spawns Convention Frenzy

By Eco Reporter

Six{*filter*} prescriptions for a possible Convention on Climate Change
have been circulated to delegates at the Geneva greenhouse treaty
talks in the first two days of the meeting.  Observers are agreed
that the unprecedented outpouring of these informal or
'non-papers' as they are known to the UN, is a reflection of
growing anxiety that a few countries are holding up any real
progress on agreement to reduce greenhouse gases.

"It's a distress signal" said WWF-US analyst T J Glauthier
attending the talks, "and it's frustration that's causing it.".
Among the non-papers hitting out at slow progress or putting
forward principles and policies to be adopted in a convention were
those from Australia, Austria and Switzerland, France, Germany,
Malaysia and Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Republic of Korea,
UK, USA and Vanuatu.

Most countries blame the attitude of the United States for running
the talks into procedural sands.  So reluctant is the US
Administration to even consider substantive commitments to cut US
emissions that at one point it even objected to the inclusion of
the words 'climate change' in the title of the negotiating body.

It is still unclear whether the current negotiating session will
devote its energies to continued wrangling over bureaucratic and
legalistic procedures or whether delegates will make real progress
towards agreeing the content of a Climate Convention.

*   The United Nations Environment Programme  today urged
climate negotiators to speed up their talks.  "Nothing has
changed.  If anything the situation is worse." said UNEP Executive
Director Mostafa Tolba, in a statement delivered by his Deputy
Peter Mansfield.  "There is increasing scientific evidence of
global warming.  The more we know, the more urgent the need for
action becomes".

3) INDIAN CHALLENGE

By Eco Staff

People in all countries should be allowed to emit equal amounts of
the key greenhouse gas carbon dioxide, in order to reach equal
living standards, India told the United Nations negotiations on
climate change in Geneva today.  "There is no justification for
retarding growth in developing countries, declared Indian
Ambassador Mr C. Dasgupta.

Under a far-reaching plan circulated to delegates at the
international climate talks, India proposes that net CO2 emissions
- greenhouse pollution already created - should be taken into
account in setting a target level on which national per capita
emissions would all converge. This would especially hit industrial
countries which have emitted large quantities of pollution this
century.  "Developed countries are responsible for environmental
degradation - it follows they should take corrective action" said
Dasgupta.

India also wants a Climate Fund paid for by developed countries to
give grant aid to the South so that it can adopt environmentally
sound technology to avoid becoming a major new source of
pollution.  There had to be "financial and technological flows"
from the developed to developing countries added Dasgupta,
"promotion of unsustainable lifestyles in opulent societies of the
North is putting an unbearable burden on developing countries".

India's move in drafting its own detailed convention reflects
growing frustration at the refusal of countries such as the United
States to make progress towards any substantive agreement on
climate by the UN's deadline of the June 1992 'Earth Summit' in
Brazil.

4) CLIMATE CONVENTION - THE INDIAN PROPOSAL

India today presented an extensive a detailed 'Draft Framework On
Climate Change' to the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee On
A Framework Convention On Climate Change.

These are some of India's main points:

GENERAL PRINCIPLES

*       developed countries put most greenhouse emissions into the
atmosphere and 'have the main responsibility for combatting such
pollution'

*       the excess human-made greenhouse effect 'will adversely
affect mankind'

*       there is a 'direct interrelationship between environment
and development' and so a 'crucial importance' attaches to
sustained economic growth in developing countries

*       the main priority of developing countries is the
'eradication of poverty and the achievement of economic and social
development' which means 'their emissions must grow to accommodate
their development needs, reflecting the equal right of all peoples
in matters relating to living standards'

*       'adequate, new and additional financial resources and
technology transfers on preferential and non-commercial terms are
necessary to enable developing countries to effectively contribute
to limiting, adapting to and mitigating the adverse effects of
global climate change'

THE STRUCTURE

*       A convention run by UNEP for the United Nations with one
vote per Party

*       A Climate Fund run by the Parties, giving grants to
developing countries and paid for by developed countries.
Disputes resolved by consensus if possible, if not by a two-thirds
majority of those present and voting, representing a majority of
both developed and developing nations

COMMITMENTS

*       'long term objective of stabilizing the concentration of
greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at an appropriate level to be
agreed upon in the light of future scientific findings' and,
'anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide from States should
converge at a common per capita level' taking 'into account net
carbon dioxide emissions during this century'.

*       developed countries shall immediately: 'declare adopt and
implement national strategies to stabilize and reduce their per
capita emissions of greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide'
with stabilization of non-Montreal Protocol gases by 2000 at 1990
emission levels, and with a goal of (20% or 30% or 40% or 50%)

*       developed countries shall immediately: provide new and
additional financial resources for developing countries to 'adapt
to and mitigate' the adverse effects of climate change, 'give
access to appropriate, environmentally sound technology on
preferential and non-commercial terms'

*       'developing countries may, in accordance with their
national development plans, priorities and objectives, consider
feasible measures with regard to climate change provided that the
full incremental costs involved are met by provision of new and
additional financial resources from the developed countries'

*       information exchange between parties.

Note:  Among other non-papers in circulation, is a framework put
forward by Vanuatu on behalf of the members of the Alliance of
Small Island States.  This will be reviewed in a future Eco.

5) CHANGING US TRANSPORT POLICY?

Leman is delighted to see that the charming climateers are back in
Geneva.  Leman has always found the US delegation particularly
vivacious.  Apparently the US has  been taking action to change
its transport policy, which Leman is told is a major contributor
to global warming.  Leman understands that senior officials are
leading the way by surreptitious use of bicycles, feet and other
less polluting modes of transport than regulations normally
require.  Sadly this progressive approach has been rather in the
nature of 'covert action'.  Until now that is.

Apparently American news reporters this week uncovered evidence of
what may be the first positive US policy to reduce greenhouse gas
emissions.  They discovered that flights of government airplanes
used to transport White House Chief of Staff John Sununu to his
dentist and other personal destinations, are being curtailed.  The
new policy was disclosed when Mr. Sununu  switched from flying and
used his government-furnished car and driver for a five-hour drive
from Washington,  DC, to New York City  to attend a rare stamp
auction.  Unfortunately, in a lapse of the new policy, Mr. Sununu
accepted a flight back to Washington on a corporate jet, which
meant that both the car and the jet had to make return trips home
empty, resulting in more greenhouse gas emissions than if he'd
actually flown!

Happily the story does not end there. Leman also understands that
physiologists, ergonomists, top-level coaches and sports
psychologists are even now on their way to the White House to give
senior staffers courses in SNORE (SyNchronOus REpedulation), also
known as learning how to walk again.

FOR MORE INFORMATION:

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CREDITS AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:

ECO is edited by Chris Rose
Production Editors Malcolm Sutherland and Alister Sieghart

ECO wishes to acknowledge the generous support of the following:
Apple Computer - Industrade AG, Wallisellen
AVEC INFORMATIQUE SA, Route des Acacias, 47 Geneva
Intercontinental Hotel, Wagons Lits

ECO (name as in 'SWCC') has been produced for EDF and others as a
Media Natura project with the generous support of the Apple
Computer Division, Industrade AG, Wallisellen and Avec
Informatique SA, Geneva.

Software support has been donated by Aldus, Applelink, Computers
Unlimited, Microsoft, Sitka. (any others).

Design by Akel Minott, London; Production Editors Alister
Sieghart, Shades & Characters and Malcolm Sutherland, Recruit
Media.

Electronic mail distribution coordinator Lelani Arris, EcoNet
Energy and Climate Information Exchange (US), supported by a
grant from the Joyce Mertz-Gilmore Foundation.

Project Management Chris Bligh , Media Natura, 21 Tower Street,
London WC2H 9NS Tel (+44) 71 240 2936 Fax (+44) 71 240 2291.

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Mon, 06 Dec 1993 08:38:00 GMT
 
 [ 1 post ] 

 Relevant Pages 

1. ECO GENEVA (INC) #2A June 19, 1991

2. ECO GENEVA (INC) #6 June 25, 1991 (

3. ECO GENEVA (INC) #5 June 24, 1991 (

4. ECO GENEVA (INC) #3 June 20, 1991 (

5. ECO GENEVA (INC) #4 June 23, 1991 (

6. ECO GENEVA (INC) #7 June 26, 1991 (

7. ECO GENEVA (INC) #4A June 23, 1991

8. ECO GENEVA (INC) #1 June 18, 1991

9. ECO GENEVA (INC) #8 June 27, 1991 (

10. ECO NAIROBI #9 - Sept 19, 1991 (32K

11. ECO GENEVA #10 - Dec 20, 1991 (55K)

12. ECO GENEVA #8 - Dec 18, 1991 (29K)


 
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