Repost: cholesterol readings question

Hi, all--

Can someone help me, please? I've got these two sets of cholesterol results

in front of me but I have no idea what they mean. Here they are:

MALE (48 year old, caucasian, has been vegetarian for many years):

Cholesterol..................157...............[<200].......mg/dL

Triglyceride.................111...............[0-200]......mg/dL

HDL Cholesterol...............28............................mg/dL

-----------HDL Reference Range (male):

-------------Favorable:.............>55

-------------Average risk:...........35-55

-------------Above average risk:....<35

LDL..........................107................[<130]......mg/dL

CHOL/HDL Ratio..............H 5.61.............[2.90-4.40]..mg/dL

-----------Chol/HDL ratio interpretation

-------------Ideal:.................<3.5

-------------Average risk:..........<4.5

-------------2x average risk:.......10.0

-------------3x average risk:.......20.0

LDL/HDL......................3.8

-----------LDL/HDL ratio interpretation:

-------------Ideal:................<1.0

-------------Average risk:.........<2.0

-------------2x average risk:.......6.0

-------------3x average risk:.......8.0

FEMALE:

Cholesterol..................153...............[<200].......mg/dL

Triglyceride..................91...............[0-200]......mg/dL

HDL Cholesterol...............37............................mg/dL

-----------HDL Reference Range (female):

-------------Favorable:.............>65

-------------Average risk:...........45-65

-------------Above average risk:....<45

LDL...........................99................[<130]......mg/dL

CHOL/HDL Ratio...............4.14.............[2.90-4.40]...mg/dL

-----------Chol/HDL ratio interpretation

-------------Ideal:.................<3.5

-------------Average risk:..........<4.5

-------------2x average risk:.......10.0

-------------3x average risk:.......20.0

LDL/HDL......................2.6

-----------LDL/HDL ratio interpretation:

-------------Ideal:................<1.0

-------------Average risk:.........<2.0

-------------2x average risk:.......6.0

-------------3x average risk:.......8.0

1. First question: What do each of the items in these sets mean?

2. Second question: What does it mean where they say that the HDL

cholesterol is 28 for the male and 37 for the female but that the reference

range says that >55 is favorable for a male and >65 is favorable for a

female? Is this a problem?

3. Third question: What does it mean on the set for the male where it says

CHOL/HDL Ratio H 5.61, Range 2.90-4.40? Is this a cause for concern?

4. Fourth question: Where it says LDL/HDL, on the male it's 3.8, and on the

female it's 2.6. These are both above the ideal. Is this also a problem?

5. Fifth question: On each, what is the good cholesterol result and what is

the bad one?

6. Sixth question: Is there any other way to lower the cholesterol than

through diet or {*filter*}?

Thanks very much. Please email as well as post your reply.

Katherine

--

"We're not into crime and evil around here. You got a problem with that?"

Superman, by way of Scott Ostler