West Nile Virus mysteries, quandaries and questions 
Author Message
 West Nile Virus mysteries, quandaries and questions

I do not know what to make of West Nile Virus. The quandry is that you
have
a mosquito vector for the first time with a virus. The mystery is why
now for a
virus. The most commonsense of science minds would think that a virus
would
have hopped aboard a mosquito some thousands or millions of years ago to
infect apes and humans. Malaria certainly did. So why did viruses have
to wait until recently to use mosquitoes as vectors?

One possible answer is that West Nile Virus is a human cause creation.
Perhaps
biological warfare created the West Nile Virus.

I am sure we are going to get alot of answers in the forthcoming years.

I do not guess there is any connection with HIV virus and West-Nile. Nor
any
connection between Prion disease and West-Nile.

As one Roman philosopher said "we live in interesting times"



Thu, 10 Feb 2005 14:02:41 GMT
 West Nile Virus mysteries, quandaries and questions

Quote:
> I do not know what to make of West Nile Virus. The quandry is that you
> have a mosquito vector for the first time with a virus. The mystery is
> why
> now for a virus. The most commonsense of science minds would think that a
> virus would have hopped aboard a mosquito some thousands or millions of
> years ago to infect apes and humans. Malaria certainly did. So why did
> viruses have to wait until recently to use mosquitoes as vectors?

> One possible answer is that West Nile Virus is a human cause creation.
> Perhaps biological warfare created the West Nile Virus.

> I am sure we are going to get alot of answers in the forthcoming years.

> I do not guess there is any connection with HIV virus and West-Nile. Nor
> any connection between Prion disease and West-Nile.

> As one Roman philosopher said "we live in interesting times"

Funny how the mind works, in that minutes ago I wrote the above and often
our best answers come minutes later. Perhaps the mind is focused on a issue

that allows these answers to come.

Perhaps there is a connection between HIV and WestNile. Consider that the
HIV is essentially a {*filter*} medium virus and that WestNile is also. So that
once HIV is widespread throughout the world, it is only a matter of time
for
HIV to morph into a virus that can withstand the transfer into a mosquito
and
from mosquito to other animals.

Question: has anyone found resemblance of HIV to WestNile? I am thinking
that the WestNile is a result of 25 years of mutation of HIV that has found
its
vector via mosquitoes. We all know that drug {*filter*}s with their hyperdermic
needles spread HIV amoungst themselves. Well, a mosquito is a hyperdermic
needle insect.

And if WestNile is a morphed or mutated form of HIV, then how long before
HIV itself can be transmitted easily via mosquitoes?




Thu, 10 Feb 2005 14:13:35 GMT
 West Nile Virus mysteries, quandaries and questions
On Sun, 25 Aug 2002 01:02:41 -0500, Archimedes Plutonium

Quote:

>I do not know what to make of West Nile Virus. The quandry is that you
>have
>a mosquito vector for the first time with a virus.

There are many many mosquito borne viruses. As a group, they are part
of the arboviruses (arthropod-borne viruses). One of the problems when
WN first showed up was characterizing it, trying to distinguish it
from many similar viruses, some of which are already common in the US.
(St Louis encephalitis, western equine encephalitis are a couple that
have been in the news in this context. And don't forget yellow fever
and dengue.)

Look up arboviruses in whatever reference source you use.

bob



Fri, 11 Feb 2005 00:06:28 GMT
 West Nile Virus mysteries, quandaries and questions
Sun, 25 Aug 2002 16:06:28 GMT

Quote:

> On Sun, 25 Aug 2002 01:02:41 -0500, Archimedes Plutonium

> >I do not know what to make of West Nile Virus. The quandry is that you
> >have
> >a mosquito vector for the first time with a virus.

> There are many many mosquito borne viruses. As a group, they are part
> of the arboviruses (arthropod-borne viruses). One of the problems when
> WN first showed up was characterizing it, trying to distinguish it
> from many similar viruses, some of which are already common in the US.
> (St Louis encephalitis, western equine encephalitis are a couple that
> have been in the news in this context. And don't forget yellow fever
> and dengue.)

> Look up arboviruses in whatever reference source you use.

> bob

Thanks Bob, in the past 2 days I have had a tiny slight headache upon
waking in the morning. I thought it due to my recent
marine-spar-varnishing
of my bathrooms with the fumes. I seldom ever get headaches or the
onset of a headache. But since the alarming outbreak of WN-virus I just
wonder if I caught it.

If I did, I am somewhat glad because it may immunize my body against any
future catching of the virus.

I looked up your Arbovirus and finally came back to the CDC page to
look for symptoms. Headache is one of them.

--- quoting from CDC ---
All flaviviruses (e.g., West Nile [shown here],
                          St. Louis encephalitis, dengue, Japanese
                          encephalitis, tick-borne encephalitis, yellow
                          fever, etc.) share a common size (40-60nm),
                          symmetry (enveloped, icosahedral
                          nucleocapsid), nucleic acid (positive-sense,
                          single stranded RNA approximately
                          10,000-11,000 bases), and appearance in the
                          electron microscope. Therefore, images of
                          West Nile virus are representative for this
                          group of viruses.
--- end quoting ---

Bob, can you comment on the accuracy of this statement.

Biological Observation: In the entire history of diseases to humans, the
only
virus epidemic, or to say a disease of large proportions have all involved

bacteria except for about the last 20 years of the 20th century when HIV
is the
first virus disease of epidemic proportions. Until 1980, every human
epidemic
of large proportions has been a microorganism that is not a virus.

I suppose smallpox contradicts that statement?

My sense is troubling me in the fact that viruses have not wrecked more
havoc
upon humanity than the historical record shows. And that bacteria seem to
have caused the major proportion of human disease.

But since viruses are smaller and somewhat indestructible, my senses would

say that viruses should have been the major proportion of human disease.
I believe there is some biological-law going on here or several
biological-laws
as to why viruses are less of a factor than bacteria. Perhaps the size of
a species
population is a pivotal factor. If a species is relatively low in
worldwide population then its major diseases will be bacterial. But when a
species becomes
too large for the planet, that the virus kingdom takes over from the
bacterial
kingdom and creates massive viral epidemics.




Fri, 11 Feb 2005 03:40:56 GMT
 West Nile Virus mysteries, quandaries and questions
Yellow fever is a viral disease with a mosquito vector.

Rich Mateles


Quote:
> I do not know what to make of West Nile Virus. The quandry is that you
> have
> a mosquito vector for the first time with a virus. The mystery is why
> now for a
> virus. The most commonsense of science minds would think that a virus
> would
> have hopped aboard a mosquito some thousands or millions of years ago to
> infect apes and humans. Malaria certainly did. So why did viruses have
> to wait until recently to use mosquitoes as vectors?

> One possible answer is that West Nile Virus is a human cause creation.
> Perhaps
> biological warfare created the West Nile Virus.

> I am sure we are going to get alot of answers in the forthcoming years.

> I do not guess there is any connection with HIV virus and West-Nile. Nor
> any
> connection between Prion disease and West-Nile.

> As one Roman philosopher said "we live in interesting times"



Fri, 11 Feb 2005 19:06:55 GMT
 West Nile Virus mysteries, quandaries and questions

Quote:

> Yellow fever is a viral disease with a mosquito vector.

Rich, is there any truth to an assertion that most epidemics or plagues in
human history were caused by microbes bigger than viruses? Define plagues
as killing at least 10% of the total human population. It seems to me that
all
the plagues before 1980 were nonviral? If true, I wonder why viruses have
been so well behaved until about 1980.


Sat, 12 Feb 2005 02:24:28 GMT
 West Nile Virus mysteries, quandaries and questions


Quote:


>> Yellow fever is a viral disease with a mosquito vector.

>Rich, is there any truth to an assertion that most epidemics or plagues in
>human history were caused by microbes bigger than viruses? Define plagues
>as killing at least 10% of the total human population. It seems to me that
>all
>the plagues before 1980 were nonviral? If true, I wonder why viruses have
>been so well behaved until about 1980.

Smallpox had about a 35% death rate, and measles in the absence of
antibiotics and other supportive care for the sequelae has about a
10% death rate, as seen in the recent epidemic in Africa.  In some
cultures people didn't name a child until it had survived smallpox.

The people building the Panama C{*filter*}died in droves from yellow
fever.  

The influenza pandemic of 1918-1920 also had an appallingly high
mortality rate.  Paralytic polio in the absence of respirators is
a killer too.

Rabies still has essentially 100% mortality if not treated before
symptoms appear.

If it appears to you that viruses were "well behaved" in the past,
it's probably because with clean water supplies, vaccination and
antibiotics bacterial diseases are no longer a major cause of death
in otherwise healthy people in the western world.  Few people die
of diphtheria, tetanus, bubonic plague, typhoid, cholera, pertussis,
etc in developed countries any more, but they are still killers and
potential killers elsewhere.  Tuberculosis was called the White Plague
early in the 20th century, and is making a comeback as drug-resistant
strains become more prevalent.

Why don't you read a popular book on the history of medicine or of
infectious disease before you come up with your screwy theories?



Sat, 12 Feb 2005 04:31:14 GMT
 West Nile Virus mysteries, quandaries and questions
On Sun, 25 Aug 2002 14:40:56 -0500, Archimedes Plutonium

Quote:

>Thanks Bob, in the past 2 days I have had a tiny slight headache upon
>waking in the morning. I thought it due to my recent
>marine-spar-varnishing
>of my bathrooms with the fumes. I seldom ever get headaches or the
>onset of a headache. But since the alarming outbreak of WN-virus I just
>wonder if I caught it.

>If I did, I am somewhat glad because it may immunize my body against any
>future catching of the virus.

>I looked up your Arbovirus and finally came back to the CDC page to
>look for symptoms. Headache is one of them.

>--- quoting from CDC ---
>All flaviviruses (e.g., West Nile [shown here],
>                          St. Louis encephalitis, dengue, Japanese
>                          encephalitis, tick-borne encephalitis, yellow
>                          fever, etc.) share a common size (40-60nm),
>                          symmetry (enveloped, icosahedral
>                          nucleocapsid), nucleic acid (positive-sense,
>                          single stranded RNA approximately
>                          10,000-11,000 bases), and appearance in the
>                          electron microscope. Therefore, images of
>                          West Nile virus are representative for this
>                          group of viruses.
>--- end quoting ---

>Bob, can you comment on the accuracy of this statement.

Who am I to challenge the CDC on such medical statements?

Headache is a very general symptom.

Do you have a WN problem where you are?

Quote:

>Biological Observation: In the entire history of diseases to humans, the
>only
>virus epidemic, or to say a disease of large proportions have all involved

>bacteria except for about the last 20 years of the 20th century when HIV
>is the
>first virus disease of epidemic proportions. Until 1980, every human
>epidemic
>of large proportions has been a microorganism that is not a virus.

>I suppose smallpox contradicts that statement?

and flu, polio. yellow fever. 1918 flu was one of the worst killer
epidemics in history.

I wonder how good the record is.

What causes major disease is due to many things, including how the
organism disperses. Viruses are dependent on cells; those that are
primarily dependent on human cells probably "learn" better than to
kill too much.

Not sure I would make much of it.

Quote:

>My sense is troubling me in the fact that viruses have not wrecked more
>havoc
>upon humanity than the historical record shows. And that bacteria seem to
>have caused the major proportion of human disease.

>But since viruses are smaller and somewhat indestructible, my senses would

It is not a generality that viruses are indestructible.

bob



Sun, 13 Feb 2005 10:26:41 GMT
 West Nile Virus mysteries, quandaries and questions

Or maybe the virus has existed in isolation for a long time, and we are just
now discovering it, as it emerges into the world (for whatever reason).

Maybe don't be too hasty to jump on the human-cause bandwagon just yet. Or
maybe this is defensive me, as I come from a family of {*filter*}-theory,
anti-government folks (don't get me started!). Suggestions of a biowar
origin are pure speculation, to say the least. Given the slow spread of the
virus are the relatively few deaths, it would appear to be a poor biowar
agent.

Quote:

> I do not know what to make of West Nile Virus. The quandry is that you
> have
> a mosquito vector for the first time with a virus. The mystery is why
> now for a
> virus. The most commonsense of science minds would think that a virus
> would
> have hopped aboard a mosquito some thousands or millions of years ago to
> infect apes and humans. Malaria certainly did. So why did viruses have
> to wait until recently to use mosquitoes as vectors?

> One possible answer is that West Nile Virus is a human cause creation.
> Perhaps
> biological warfare created the West Nile Virus.

> I am sure we are going to get alot of answers in the forthcoming years.

> I do not guess there is any connection with HIV virus and West-Nile. Nor
> any
> connection between Prion disease and West-Nile.

> As one Roman philosopher said "we live in interesting times"

  hoyle.vcf
< 1K Download


Sat, 19 Feb 2005 00:16:02 GMT
 West Nile Virus mysteries, quandaries and questions
...................Navy Secretary Richard Danzig told the magazine he was not
alarmed. ``Even
if you suspect biological terrorism, it's hard to prove,'' he said.

The magazine cites a book written by a man using the name Mikhael Ramadan,
who claimed to be an Iraqi defector and said Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein
was planning to make a weapon out of a strain of West Nile virus.

He described it as being ``capable of destroying 97 percent of all life in
an urban environment..............''

Monday October 11, 1999

CIA Reportedly Probing New York Virus Outbreak

NEW YORK (Reuters) - The CIA is investigating whether a recent outbreak of
West Nile-like fever in New York might have been an attempt at
bio-terrorism, The New Yorker magazine reported Sunday.

The virus, which killed five people and made at least 27 others ill, is
believed to have been passed to people via mosquitoes that bit infected birds.

Without quoting anyone directly at the Central Intelligence Agency, the
magazine describes analysts there as having a ''whiff of concern'' that it
might have been sent deliberately to the United States.

Many experts have been warning for years that the United States is
vulnerable to a bio-terrorism attack. But none has ever named West Nile as
one of the potential weapons -- anthrax, botulin toxin and even bubonic
plague are considered to be the potential weapons of choice.

West Nile virus is not particularly deadly and causes only mild flu-like
symptoms in most people. The very young, very old or ill can develop
encephalitis -- a swelling of the brain -- and die.

Last week the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said 50
potential or definite cases of West Nile-like fever had been identified in
New York and said the outbreak was definitely on the wane. No new cases
have been reported since Sept. 17.

But the report in The New Yorker said the CDC had been asked to check on
whether the virus could have been deliberately spread.

``We're taking it seriously. We'll see where the data take us,'' the
magazine quoted ``a person at the CDC'' as saying.

Navy Secretary Richard Danzig told the magazine he was not alarmed. ``Even
if you suspect biological terrorism, it's hard to prove,'' he said.

The magazine cites a book written by a man using the name Mikhael Ramadan,
who claimed to be an Iraqi defector and said Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein
was planning to make a weapon out of a strain of West Nile virus.

He described it as being ``capable of destroying 97 percent of all life in
an urban environment.''

The CDC has said it is concerned about the New York outbreak because West
Nile fever has never been seen in the Americas before. It is common in
Africa and Asia.

Last year, U.S. and Romanian experts reported in The Lancet medical journal
that a 1996 outbreak in Romania had been identified as West Nile fever,
with a mortality rate of between 4 and 8 percent. They said Europe was
vulnerable to more such outbreaks.

Last week, Thomas Briese and colleagues at the University of California at
Irvine said they had identified the New York virus as a Kunjin/West
Nile-like flavivirus.
--------------------------------------------------------
  The following appears courtesy of today's Associated Press news wire:

N.Y. Downplays Bioterrorism Report

NEW YORK (AP) - City officials downplayed a report that suggests the CIA is
investigating whether the recent West Nile-like encephalitis outbreak was
deliberately triggered by Iraqi bioterrorists.

``Nothing indicates that this was anything other than a natural outbreak,''
Jerome Hauer, the director of the city's emergency management office, said
Sunday.

The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also said there was no
evidence to suggest the recent outbreak was anything other than ``Mother Nature
at work.''

Analysts at the CIA who deal with biological weapons said an Iraqi defector had
claimed in April that Saddam Hussein was developing a strain of West Nile-like
encephalitis for use as a biological weapon, The New Yorker reports in its Oct.
18-25 double issue that hits newsstands today.

The report recalled by the analysts was published April 6 in the Daily Mail of
London. It was an except from the book ``In the Shadow of Saddam,'' written by
Mikhael Ramadan.

Ramadan claimed that he worked as one of Hussein's body doubles and that
Hussein had told him of a plan to develop a strain of West Nile encephalitis
that would kill 97 percent of people in an urban environment. The magazine said
Ramadan was believed to be hiding somewhere in Canada or the United States.

A strain of a West Nile-like virus has claimed the lives of six people in the
New York area since it was discovered in early September. The mosquito-borne
virus has infected 54 people in the New York metropolitan area - 39 in New York
City, nine in Westchester county and six in Nassau.

Symptoms of the strain include fever and headache. In rare cases, the virus can
cause neurological disorders and death. The elderly, young and those with
weakened immune systems are most vulnerable.

CDC officials would not comment directly on the report but issued a statement
saying, ``The investigation is ongoing and, to date, the CDC has no evidence
that this is anything but Mother Nature at work.''

Calls by The Associated Press to CIA offices in {*filter*}ia went unanswered this
morning.
AP-NY-10-11-99
---------------------------------------------------
  The following appears courtesy of the 10/11/99 online edition of The CBS-TV
News Service, which can be accessed via http://www.***.com/ :

NY Virus: Bio-Terrorism Unlikely

?Report: CIA Asks CDC To Investigate Outbreak

?Iraqi Defector: Hussein To Use Virus As Weapon

?Biodefense Expert: U.S. Unprepared For Attack

NEW YORK

Monday, October 11,1999

(CBS) A bio-defense expert said it is unlikely a recent outbreak of the West
Nile virus was the result of a bio-terrorism attack ordered by Iraqi leader
Saddam Hussein.

Dr. D.A. Henderson, professor of Epidemiology and director of the Center for
Civilian Biodefense Studies at Johns Hopkins University, told CBS This Morning
Co-Anchor Russ Mitchell that Hussein would likely choose a more lethal agent
instead of the mild West Nile virus.

However, he continued, "any time you have an outbreak that?s unusual, or even
any outbreak, it ought to be investigated to determine how it might have
happened, what you can do in the future to prevent it."

A report in Monday's New Yorker magazine says the CIA is asking the Centers for
Disease Control to investigate the outbreak, which has killed six people and
sickened more than two dozen others.

New York City officials downplayed the report.

"Nothing indicates that this was anything other than a natural outbreak,"
Jerome Hauer, the director of the city's emergency management office, said
Sunday.

The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also said there was no
evidence to suggest the recent outbreak was anything other than "Mother Nature
at work."

Analysts at the CIA who deal with biological weapons said an Iraqi defector had
claimed in April that Saddam Hussein was developing a strain of West Nile-like
encephalitis for use as a biological weapon, The New Yorker reports.

Mikhael Ramadan claimed that he worked as one of Hussein's body doubles and
that Hussein had told him of a plan to develop a strain of West Nile
encephalitis that would kill 97 percent of people in an urban environment.

The magazine said Ramadan was believed to be hiding somewhere in Canada or the
United States.

Symptoms of the strain include fever and headache. In rare cases, the virus can
cause neurological disorders and death. The elderly, young and those with
weakened immune systems are most vulnerable.

Although progress has been made in the last 12 months, Henderson said the U.S.
is not very well prepared for bio-terrorism attacks.

"The threat is very real indeed. An event within the next decade is a
certainty," Henderson said. "The question is what might be used as an agent."

The Associated Press contributed to this report.
*************************************

".............But Stephen Ostroffof the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention in
Atlanta told New Scientist: "Extensive screening of wild birds in hopes of
finding the virus would not be cost-effective............"

 [remember this is the guy that said to Illinois
State Senator Kathleen
Parker and State Representative Sara Feigenholtz ..............
      "Lyme is a yuppie
disease that only rich suburbanites get." To that Parker replied, "That
is absurd! Anyone walking in a forest or in the woods can get Lyme."
Ostroff then told her this was a "very political disease." ..]

Subject: West Nile virus has spread all over the Americas
Newsgroups: sci.med.diseases.lyme
View: Complete Thread (2 articles) | Original Format
Date: 2000/07/07 ]

http://www.***.com/
NEWS THIS WEEK

West Nile virus has spread all over the Americas

Beware the birds
A deadly new disease is loose in the western hemisphere

THE bird virus that killed seven New Yorkers last year has now spread all over
the Americas, say US researchers. They warn that the Gulf coast of the US will
probably see the next outbreak of West Nile virus.

Despite the threat, authorities in the US have so far failed to provide the
research funding to keep tabs on the virus in wild birds. The scientists say
that scrupulous monitoring of bird populations is needed, otherwise it won't be
possible to identify and spray high-risk areas with insecticide to kill the
mosquitoes that transmit the virus to people.

The infection is endemic to Africa, Asia and Europe, where it resides
harmlessly in many bird species but kills others, according to Bob McLean, head
of the National Wildlife Health Center in Madison, Wisconsin. Humans usually
get the disease from mosquito bites when the population of infected city birds
is sufficiently large to ...

read more »



Sun, 20 Feb 2005 01:56:28 GMT
 West Nile Virus mysteries, quandaries and questions

(snipped)

Quote:
> Date: 2001-11-05 16:50:49 PST

>  The following was in the newsgroup archives and came up when I did a search
> for
> "plum island" and "west nile virus".  Unbelievable and unacceptable!!.  This is
> not a good thing except for biotech upstarts and terrorists.

> ".....A Nobel laureate who headed a 1994 Pentagon study that
> dismissed links between chemical and biological weapons and
> Persian Gulf War Illness was also a director of a U.S. firm that
> has earlier exported anthrax and other lethal materials to Iraq
> before the 1991 conflict, according to federal records.
> Renowned geneticist Joshua Lederberg of New York served as
> chairman of the Defense Science Board Task force on Persian
> Gulf War Health Effects. At the time of the 1994 study,
> Lederberg was also one of 10 directors on the board of
> American Type Culture Collection, or ATCC. Newsday has
> found that the non-profit Rockville, Md. firm made 70
> government approved shipments of anthrax and other
> disease-causing pathogens [including West Nile Virus] to Iraqi
> scientists between 1985 and 1989 according to congressional
> records...the ATCC shipments, along with supplies from other
> countries, had been used by Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's
> scientists for an expanding biological weapons program...."

> ".......the West Nile virus has for the
> first time been isolated in humans or animals in the Western
> Hemisphere, but the virus has for decades made its home in
> several U.S. research laboratories, including Rockefeller
> University in Manhattan and Yale University in New Haven,
> Conn...."

Well one of the oddest datum on West Nile virus is where it shows
up first in the USA in New York.

I think the probabilities favor this virus to not show up for decades?
(A guess). And if it shows up, would seem to favor Southern USA
with those swamps and large bird populations.

There is a possibility that the West Nile virus was the first bio-attack
upon the USA and not the anthrax letters. And perhaps there is even
a link between the perpetrators of the 2001 anthrax letters and the
years earlier West Nile virus.

Any anthrax letters nearby to the first West Nile virus cases in NY??




Fri, 25 Feb 2005 14:30:11 GMT
 West Nile Virus mysteries, quandaries and questions

Quote:

> (snipped)

> > several U.S. research laboratories, including Rockefeller
> > University in Manhattan and Yale University in New Haven,
> > Conn...."

If my memory is correct, I seem to recall an anthrax victim in Connecticut
of an elderly lady.

If my memory is correct I seem to recall several cases of anthrax letters
in Manhattan vicinity.

So, I wonder if there is a connection between West Nile Virus of 1999 in
New York and the anthrax letters in 2001 as different attempts by mostly
the same group of perpetrators.



Fri, 25 Feb 2005 14:39:40 GMT
 West Nile Virus mysteries, quandaries and questions


Fri, 19 Jun 1992 00:00:00 GMT
 West Nile Virus mysteries, quandaries and questions
We do not yet know who is responsible for the anthrax letters after 11SEP01.
We do not know if Iraq had anything to do with those anthrax letters.

But what about the West Nile virus of 1999 in New York. Seems kind of odd
that a cold state such as New York would be the first incidents of West Nile
virus, unless it was a bioterrorism introduction.

How much easier would it be to introduce West Nile virus into the USA rather
than say anthrax? Much easier because it is easier to control mosquitos or
infected birds or both.

Such that someone from Iraq whether a diplomat with diplomatic immunity or
a college-university professor or medical doctors entering the USA could
release
infected mosquitos and birds into the USA.

The newsmedia believes the anthrax letters were the first bioterrorism acts
upon the USA. I would tend to suspect that the West Nile Virus was the first
bioterrorism act made upon the USA sometime in 1999.

And if the Bush Administration is looking for tangible evidence that Iraq has

done harm to the USA, if they can give evidence that the West Nile virus and
the anthrax were Iraq actions, may bolster their case for an Iraq regime
change.

I would like to add this warning or advice. That if the West Nile virus of NY

of 1999 was indeed an act of terrorism then what would be the gravest
bioterrorism act that some rogue terrorist nation would contemplate?

I believe the worst bioterrorism would realize the separation of continents
of the Americas from the rest of the world. So as to confine the vector
to the Americas. Find a mosquito vector that is pretty much confined to the
Americas. And make HIV mutated such that it can piggyback ride on flavivirus
or even become a vector to the mosquito.

The world at large monitors plutonium stockpiles. Seems as though we must
now monitor biological agents in addition to plutonium.



Sat, 26 Feb 2005 03:25:23 GMT
 
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